Mark Noll in his book Turning Points (3) outlines a biblical framework for looking at Christian history.
- “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me” (Matthew 28:18). Nothing that occurs to Christ’s followers and His Church is outside the reign of Christ. History can be interpreted through Christ.
- “Go therefore and make disciples of all nations” (Matthew 28:19). The movement of Christian history is outward bearing witness to Christ and baptizing in the name of the Triune God and inward, teach people the word of Christ.
- “And behold, I am with you always, to the end of the age” (Matthew 28:20). Despite how many times the Church may fail in its mission and ministry, it is sustained by the living presence of Christ who is there to forgive and renew.
- “…you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the end of the earth” (Acts 1:8). Even though Christianity would find itself present in many cultures, it would never belong to any single culture since its calling was to bear witness to God’s reign in Christ who over culture as Lord of lords and King of kings.